Jessica Jacovidis, Jandee Todd, Kristine Chadwick and Paul Beach—Inflexion
Inflexion conducted a comparative scan and curriculum audit to investigate how metacognitive skills are addressed and supported within and across International Baccalaureate (IB) programmes. The IB performed well compared to best practices found in the literature and in comparison to exemplar programmes in the field. Specifically, the IB performed best on overall guidance related to policy and guidelines, curriculum and instruction, and learning environment standards. Across programmes, the Primary Years Programme (PYP) demonstrated the most comprehensive coverage of metacognition in its programme documents. The Middle Years Programme (MYP), Diploma Programme (DP) and Career-related Programme (CP) excelled in professional learning opportunities and guidance on school-level infrastructure to support metacognition. The DP and CP also performed well in guidance related to assessment and feedback on metacognition. The study concludes with recommendations for future research and considerations that the IB could continue to explore.